My major research interest is currently on social neuroscience, or the neurological underpinning of social cognition, in particular on person impression formation involving traits and goals. I am especially interested in spontaneous social inferences, and explore the question of whether earlier social neuroscience findings in which participants make such inferences explicitly, generalize to the case where these inferences are made implicitly.
This social neuroscience interest follows from my earlier research on connectionist models of important domains in social cognition: causal attribution, group biases, person impression formation and attitude formation and change (including cognitive dissonance). I conducted simulations on representative findings from the literature in these domains in order to develop a general and unified process model of these judgments in social cognition.
During the previous ten years, I worked on several issues in the domain of causal and dispositional attributions. My earlier interests focused on attribution retraining programs with the aid of covariation information manipulation and the emotional and cognitive consequences of causal attributions in the achievement domain. Next, I moved to the question of how people make use of covariation information in order to make causal and dispositional inferences.
- Van Overwalle, F. (2007). Social connectionism: A reader and handbook for simulations. New York: Psychology Press.
- Ma, N., Vandekerckhove, M., Van Overwalle, F., Seurinck, R., & Fias, W. (2010). Spontaneous and intentional trait inferences recruit a common mentalizing network to a different degree: Spontaneous inferences activate only its core areas. Social Neuroscience, in press.
- Van Overwalle, F. (2010). Infants’ teleological and belief inference: A recurrent connectionist approach to their minimal representational and computational requirements. NeuroImage, in press.
- Van Duynslaeger, M., Van Overwalle, F., & Verstraeten, E. (2007). Electrophysiological time course and brain areas of spontaneous and intentional trait inferences. Social Cognitive and Affective NeuroScience, 2, 174-188.
- Van Overwalle, F. (2009). Social cognition and the brain: A meta-analysis. Human Brain Mapping, 30, 829-858.
- Van Overwalle, F., & Baetens, K. (2009). Understanding others' actions and goals by mirror and mentalizing systems: A meta-analysis. NeuroImage, 48, 564-584.
- Van Overwalle, F., & Heylighen, F. (2006). Talking nets: A multiagent connectionist approach to communication and trust between individuals. Psychological Review, 113, 606-627.
- Van Overwalle, F., & Labiouse, C. (2004). A recurrent connectionist model of person impression formation. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 8, 28-61.
- Van Overwalle, F., & Siebler, F. (2005). A connectionist model of attitude formation and change. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 9, 231-274.
- Van Overwalle, F., Van den Eede, S., Baetens, K., & Vandekerckhove, M. (2009). Trait inferences in goal-directed behavior: ERP timing and localization under spontaneous and intentional processing. Social Cognitive and Affective NeuroScience, 4, 177-190.
- Van Rooy, D., Van Overwalle, F., Vanhoomissen, T., Labiouse, C., & French, R. (2003). A recurrent connectionist model of group biases. Psychological Review, 110, 536-563.
- Van der Cruyssen, L., Van Duynslaeger, M., Cortoos, A., & Van Overwalle, F. (2009). ERP time course and brain areas of spontaneous and intentional goal inferences. Social Neuroscience, 4(2), 165-184.
- Vanhoomissen, T., & Van Overwalle, F. (2010). Me or not me as source of ingroup favoritism and outgroup derogation: A connectionist perspective. Social Cognition, 28, 84-109.
- Van Overwalle, F., & Baetens, K. (2010). ERP time course and brain areas of spontaneous and intentional social inferences. In T. Maruszewski, M. Fajkowska, & M. W. Eysenck (Eds.), Warsaw lectures on personality and social psychology. Volume 1: Personality from biological, cognitive and social perspectives.
Frank Van Overwalle
Department of Psychology
Vrije Universiteit Brussel
- Phone: +32 2 629 25 18